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Artifact Date
October 25, 2005
  • Civil Rights
  • Journalism

Rosa Parks, a civil rights icon, died on Oct. 24, 2005, at the age of 92. Parks is best-known for exercising civil disobedience by refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Ala., in 1955. Her activism inspired other members of the black community there to boycott public buses for more than a year. As a pivotal advocate of racial equality, Parks later served in the NAACP and worked alongside Martin Luther King Jr. She received many national honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the NAACP Spingarn Medal.

In 1999, Parks received  the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian award granted by Congress. She was recognized as "the first lady of civil rights" and "the mother of the freedom movement."

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Front Pages Oct. 25, 2005

Browse front-page tributes to Rosa Parks. (While a page is open, press the pink “view larger” button under the image to zoom in on a higher quality PDF file.)

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